Why Countries Around the World Need to Have Adequate Spectrum Management Policies

spectrum management

In today’s world, malady everyone uses radio frequencies whether they know it or not. Indeed, stuff every time you use your cell phone to talk or to look at your Facebook account in Canada, you use radio frequencies bought by your telecommunications service provider. Other countries may manage their radio spectrum differently, but each one has some sort of policy to control its usage. In this article, we will explain you why countries around the world need to have adequate spectrum management policies.

What is the Definition of Spectrum Management?

Spectrum management is usually defined as the process that regulates radio frequency usage to ensure its efficiency and its ability to provide a net social benefit. The frequencies of the radio spectrum go from 3 kHz to 300 GHz. Countries around the world mandate an organization within their territory to perform their spectrum managing activities. In Canada, the federal government has assigned this task to Industry Canada.

Why is Spectrum Management a Necessity?

With so many devices, services and companies using a country’s radio spectrum at once, it is crucial that the radio spectrum is managed. Otherwise, it would be chaos and it could have negative consequences such as unstable communications everywhere on a country’s territory.

Specific goals can also be accomplished with great spectrum management. Here are some examples :

  • Optimization of wireless communications with neighbor countries and other administrations.
  • Avoid interferences and solve related issues that arise.
  • Help the introduction of new wireless technologies.
  • Creation of short and long range allocations.
  • Optimization of RF spectrum usage.

How is Radio Spectrum Used?

The radio spectrum is used for many for many things, including medical uses, research purposes, voice and mobile data, Internet and radio broadcasting, among others. As you can see, radio frequencies are very sought and used which makes their management imperative to allow every service to work as they should.

What Happens When New Radio Frequencies are Introduced to the Market?

Since they are tightly managed, companies that require radio frequencies to offer their products and services are prepared in case the government releases new ones. When it does, what happens next depends on the country. However, in Canada, new radio frequencies are distributed via an auction lead by Industry Canada. During this auction, companies (usually telecommunications ones) bid on the newly released frequencies and the highest bidders are able to use them for their activities.

This concludes our article on why countries around the world need to have adequate spectrum management policies. We hope that reading it has teached you a thing or two about spectrum management.

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